IJCH 2015 Vol.1(1): 44-49 ISSN: 2382-6177
doi: 10.18178/ijch.2015.1.1.008

Historical Geography of Antioch ― The Queen of the East: Through Arab Travelers

Abdullah Balciogullari
Abstract—The travelers who have been travelling around the world by the motivation of trade, journey or mere curiosity, have indited the places they had visited. The Arab travelers could not by pass Antioch, which was a very significant city, in their journey to Anatolia or Damascus. In this study, fifteen handwritten itineraries were reached and studied in order to exhibit Antioch, the queen of East in the Ancient History, through the eyes of Arab travelers. Antioch has always found a special section in travel books with her ramparts and castles, streets, temples, bazaars and landmarks. Many travelers such as Al- Tabari, Al-Masʿudi, Al-Idrisi, Ibn Batuta, Al-Bakri al Andalousie, Yaqut al-Hamawi, Al-Qazwini and Abd al- Mu’min al-Bagdhadi have visited the city and wrote down what they have observed. The length and magnificence of the ramparts were the most impressive aspect of the city as well as the weather and the abundance of water, hammams and also the churches as being a religious center. According to the travel books, the travelers agreed that Antioch was one of the most significant and magnificent cities of the era between 9th and 14th centuries in both Rome and Islamic world.

Index Terms—Antioch, historical geography, Arab travelers, travel book.

A. Balciogullari is with Çukurova University, Turkey (e-mail: abalci@cu.edu.tr).

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Cite: Abdullah Balciogullari, "Historical Geography of Antioch ― The Queen of the East: Through Arab Travelers," International Journal of Culture and History vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 44-49, 2015.

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