IJCH 2017 Vol.3(1): 44-51 ISSN: 2382-6177
doi: 10.18178/ijch.2017.3.1.076

The Role of Indonesian National Air Force (TNI-AU) in Seroja Operation in East Timor (1975-1979)

Brilliantoro Yusuf Ervanda, Akhmad Fakhrurroji, and Zulkarnain
Abstract—Seroja operation is the biggest aerial operation that has been taken by Indonesian Military. Indonesian Air Force (TNI-AU) acts as the air elements that support the Seroja Operation. The purpose of this research was to find out: 1) the background and the course of the Seroja Operation in East Timor. 2) TNI-AU involvement of Seroja Operation in East Timor 1975-1979, and 3) the effects of Seroja Operation on TNI-AU. This study employed the historical research method by Kuntowijoyo. The first stage was topic selection. The second was the collection of primary and secondary sources. The third was verification or source criticism. The fourth was interpretation. The fifth or final stage was history writing. The results of the study were as follows. 1) Seroja Operation is motivated by a civil war that happened in East Timor. This operation began on December, 7th 1975 signed Seroja Operation. Seroja Operation involved all aspects of military power. 2) TNI-AU involvement in Seroja Operation in East Timor from 1975-1979 was as the air elements of air traffic rush. This air element is intended to carry out attacks from the air either direct attack or air fire support. East Timor operations always involved TNI-AU either as an element of the air force or ground force. 3) The effects of Seroja Operation severe consequence for TNI-AU. TNI-AU started to build back its air force elements. Purchasing a variety of fighter aircraft carried out by TNI-AU strengthened the air force. The arrival of the aircraft from Western block was in addition to strengthen TNI-AU also facilitating the operations performed in East Timor.

Index Terms—Seroja operation, TNI-AU, east timor.

The authors are with History Education Major, YSU, Indonesia (e-mail: Yusuf.ervanda@gmail.com, 2ozi.ahmad38@yahoo.com, zulkarnain@uny.ac.id).

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Cite: Brilliantoro Yusuf Ervanda, Akhmad Fakhrurroji, and Zulkarnain, "The Role of Indonesian National Air Force (TNI-AU) in Seroja Operation in East Timor (1975-1979)," International Journal of Culture and History vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 44-51, 2017.

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