IJCH 2016 Vol.2(1): 59-64 ISSN: 2382-6177
doi: 10.18178/ijch.2016.2.1.038

Socio-Political Transformation of the South Bank of the Gambia: Impact of Ethnic and Clerical Migrations on the South Bank from 1850 to 1889

Ensa Touray
Abstract—This paper intends to explore the geographical, diverse socio-cultural milieu and social and political condition of the south bank of the Gambia. Since the physical features of the area served as a pull factor for human migration, the south bank area became a settlement for Jolas, Mandinkas and Fulas. In addition, it examines the impact of the migration of Muslim clerics and the establishment of Muslim settlements on the social and political structures of the south bank area. Finally, it also highlights the migration of Fulas into the region and the creation of the Fulladu Kingdom as well as the emergence of Foday Kaba Dumbuya and the migration of popular clerics in the Fulladu kingdom.

Index Terms—Territory, clerics, dominance, ethnic, migration.

E. Touray is with the University of The Gambia, The Gambia (e-mail: etouray@utg.edu.gm).

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Cite: Ensa Touray, "Socio-Political Transformation of the South Bank of the Gambia: Impact of Ethnic and Clerical Migrations on the South Bank from 1850 to 1889," International Journal of Culture and History vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 59-64, 2016.

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